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An Analysis of Pedestrian Safety and Injury Severity at Bus Stops Using the CRSS Database

Project Description

Ensuring safe pedestrian and bicycle access to bus stops is essential to the success of public transit systems. Prior studies have analyzed crash data to investigate bus stop-related pedestrian and bicyclist safety. However, most prior research assumes that all pedestrian and bicyclist crashes within a given distance of a bus stop are associated with the bus stop, which may not be true. A significant challenge in transit-related safety research is the absence of crash data that distinctly identifies stop/station-related safety incidents. Recently, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has begun to categorize bus stop-related crashes within the Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS) and Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). This study will expand on the CPBS Year 1 project, Identifying Research Priorities to Improve Safety for Pedestrians and Bicyclists Accessing Bus Stops, which used the FARS dataset to conduct a bus stop-related pedestrian and bicyclist safety analysis. This study will analyze bus stop-related pedestrian and bicyclist safety using the CRSS database, which provides nationally representative crash data. The overarching goal is to identify bus stop-related crash characteristics and determine which factors lead to more severe outcomes.

Outputs

The primary output for this project is a Technical Report that will summarize the methodology and key findings of the analysis of CRSS and FARS data; the report will identify nationwide trends in bus-related pedestrian crashes.

Outputs

The primary output for this project is a Technical Report that will summarize the methodology and key findings of the analysis of CRSS and FARS data; the report will identify nationwide trends in bus-related pedestrian crashes.

Outcomes / Impacts

Based on the analysis of nationwide trends in bus-related pedestrian crashes, the research team will develop recommendations to improve bus passenger safety at transit stops. These recommendations could pertain to infrastructure, vehicle and/or policy-related factors that can help improve transportation system safety.

Dates

06/01/2024 to 05/31/2025

Universities

The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Principal Investigator

Candace Brakewood

The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

cbrakewo@utk.edu

ORCID: 0000-0003-2769-7808


Research Project Funding

Federal: $94,340

Contract Number

69A3552348336

Project Number

24UTK01

Research Priority

Promoting Safety

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