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Mid-Block Pedestrian Crossing Exposure: Count Protocol and Database

Nearly 80% of US pedestrian fatalities occur at mid-block locations, away from intersections. Despite the problem of the most serious pedestrian crashes occurring at mid-block locations, very few transportation researchers and agencies have collected pedestrian crossing counts at these locations. Therefore, the traffic safety profession has almost no understanding of pedestrian exposure at mid-block crossing locations. This prevents researchers and agencies from calculating pedestrian crash rates and therefore understanding which roadway and adjacent land use characteristics may produce the greatest risk at these crucial locations. This pilot project will be conducted in the City of Milwaukee, WI and will explore the following research questions: 1) What are the most effective methods to collect mid-block crossing counts? 2) What roadway, adjacent land use, and other contextual characteristics can be collected efficiently and included in a database of mid-block crossing counts? 3) What characteristics are associated with pedestrian mid-block crossing crash rates? Answering these questions will also help provide the foundation to eventually explore which roadway, adjacent land use, and other contextual characteristics are associated with mid-block pedestrian crossing volumes. This can lead to mid-block pedestrian crossing volume models and predictive models (safety performance functions) for mid-block pedestrian crossing crashes.

The research team will produce a final technical report that will be posted to the CPBS UTC website to share our pilot study findings with broader audiences. We will also create a standardized mid-block pedestrian counting protocol, including data collection forms and data entry structures.

The research team will produce a final technical report that will be posted to the CPBS UTC website to share our pilot study findings with broader audiences. We will also create a standardized mid-block pedestrian counting protocol, including data collection forms and data entry structures.

Our final report will describe our experience applying different mid-block counting methods and collecting roadway, adjacent land use, and other contextual characteristics for study segments. It will also provide tables of the pedestrian counts, pedestrian crashes, and pedestrian crash rates at each mid-block location and discuss contextual characteristics that may be correlated with pedestrian crossing crash rates.


Our tech transfer will include posting the report, mid-block counting method, and mid-block count and crash rate results to the CPBS website. We will also share the deliverables with the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Institute of Transportation Engineers, State DOT Pedestrian and Bicycle Coordinators, and other professional network e-mail lists, and present the mid-block counting method to at least two major conference audiences.


Finally, the analysis approaches and results of this study will covered in the UWM Urban Planning Department graduate Pedestrian & Bicycle Transportation course and in the Civil and Environmental Engineering undergraduate Urban Transportation Planning course and graduate Methods of Transportation Analysis course.

Dates

06/01/2024 to 05/31/2025

Universities

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Principal Investigator

Robert J. Schneider, PhD

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

rjschnei@uwm.edu

ORCID: 0000-0002-6225-3615

Project Partners: 

Christopher Cherry, PhD

University of University of Tennessee-Knoxville

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering


Research Project Funding

Federal: $69,013

Non-Federal: $24,636

Contract Number

69A3552348336

Project Number

24UWM04

Research Priority

Promoting Safety

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