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Urban Demographic Shift of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Collisions, Equity, and Police Enforcement

Project Description

The project addresses the increase in pedestrian and bicycle casualties by exploring geographic shifts in collision patterns and their relationship with demographic changes, police enforcement, and social equity. It investigates whether collisions disproportionately impact low-income communities of color and if such disparities are linked to historical urban segregation. The study utilizes a place typology to categorize urban contexts and analyzes pedestrian crash data over specific periods. Police enforcement data, particularly from the Racial and Identity Profiling Act of 2015, will be used to understand the correlation between enforcement and collision rates.

Outputs

The project generates new insights into pedestrian fatalities' geographical distribution, connections to demographic shifts, police enforcement's role, and equity patterns. It produces a comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted factors contributing to pedestrian safety.

Outputs

The project generates new insights into pedestrian fatalities' geographical distribution, connections to demographic shifts, police enforcement's role, and equity patterns. It produces a comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted factors contributing to pedestrian safety.

Outcomes/Impacts

The research output informs safety treatments and police enforcement practices, fostering more equitable outcomes and enhancing pedestrian safety. The technical report, interactive tools, and recommendations can guide transportation policies, practices, and interventions.

Dates

06/01/2023 to 05/31/2024

Universities

San Diego State University

Principal Investigator

Joseph Gibbons

San Diego State University

jgibbons@sdsu.edu

ORCID: 0000-0003-2470-9068

Research Project Funding

Federal: $111,220

Non-Federal: $55,610

Contract Number

69A3552348336

Project Number

23SDSU01

Research Priority

Promoting Safety

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